What does lupin mean?

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What does lupin mean?

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Lupine (from the Latin word lupus, meaning wolf) is a genus of annual, biennial, and perennial rhizomatous plants in the legume family. It is an interesting light-loving and moisture-loving, frost-resistant plant. It is distinguished by large leaves that are always turned to the sun. Lupine is not demanding on soil fertility.

The botanical name of this plant comes from the Latin word "Lupus", which means"wolf". Lupine was introduced to Europe at the beginning of the XIX century. A perennial herbaceous plant can reach a height of 80-120 cm. The stems are smooth, strong and almost bare. The leaves are palmate, with long petioles.

The flowers are mostly white and blue, collected in multi-flowered inflorescences (30-35 cm). They bloom in June, almost the entire month. Lupine is native to North America and the Mediterranean. But in fact, wild lupine is distributed almost all over the world. It grows not only in America, Europe, but also in Africa.

Quite a lot of lupine in the subalpine and alpine zones. In the highlands grow low-growing and pillow forms of lupine.

Lupine is even found in deserts. In Russia, there is a lot of it in areas with a harsh climate. It can be found in the forest, in the taiga, in meadows, among crops of cultivated plants, on roadsides, in rock crevices. There are lupins that are not afraid of high or low temperatures. But still, most lupines grow in temperate climates. The variety of lupins created by George Russell is amazing.

Among them there are unique single-color or multi-color varieties with a wide variety of colors and shades from fiery white to dark purple. It's hard to take your eyes off the most delicate lemon yellow - "Kronleuchter" - "Chamdeliers" or brick red- "Mein Schloss" - "My Castle" and many others. In our gardens, most often grown:
White lupine - Lupinus albus is an annual self-pollinating plant up to 2 meters tall. It is known that this lupine is widely distributed in Europe and was grown by the ancient Greeks and Egyptians in ancient times. This lupin was eaten in the streets and called "thurmus", which translates as "hot". It has large white or white-pink seeds. This lupine is drought-resistant, tolerates heat well, but is demanding of the soil.

Blue lupine, or narrow-leaved Lupinus angustifolius – is an annual self-pollinating plant. Up to one and a half meters high. The flowers of this lupine are usually blue-purple, rarely pale pink. Seeds are rounded in shape with a marble pattern on a matte background. This lupine is hardy and precocious.

Yellow lupine - Lupinus luteus is an annual cross-pollinated plant. Its height does not exceed 1 meter. The flowers are yellow. Its seeds are white or pink in color with black specks squeezed from the sides. It is less cold-resistant than blue, but more so than white.

Multileaf lupine-Lupinus polyphyllus-is a perennial cross-pollinated species often found in culture since the end of the XIX century. In height, it rises to 120 cm. It can grow in one place for up to 10 years. This lupine begins to bloom in the second year, and the first year forms a rosette of leaves. This variety is good because it is unpretentious and frost-resistant.

Decorated lupine - Lupinus ornatus-is distinguished by stems up to 80 cm in height, delicate, easily pubescent leaves and beautiful inflorescences.

Lupinus mutabilis can grow to a height of up to 2 meters. In addition to beautiful inflorescences of various colors, it has a pleasant aroma.

Lupine dwarf-Lupinus nanus-one of the species, the shoots of which creep along the ground, and then rise and at a height of 35-40 cm on the plant blooms inflorescences of white, blue, blue color.
Lupine "Lulu" is a mixture of perennial, low, no higher than 60 cm and precocious varieties.

Lupinus arboreus Sims-a perennial plant up to one and a half meters in height blooms with white or yellow flowers in July-August. But it grows only in warm areas and can die from the slightest drop in temperature.
Application. Lupine seeds have been used for human food and animal feed since ancient times. Green mass of non-alkaloid varieties is also an excellent food.

Thanks to the symbiosis with nodule bacteria, lupine is able to accumulate up to 200 kg of nitrogen per hectare in the soil and is an excellent siderate. Its use as a green fertilizer allows you to keep the environment clean, save expensive fertilizers, and grow environmentally friendly products.

Interest in lupine is due to the high content of protein in its seeds (up to 50%), oil (from 5 to 20 %), the quality is close to olive, the absence of digestive inhibitors and other anti-nutritional substances. In crop rotation, this excellent plant is considered an important source of biological nitrogen. Lupine seeds contain protein, which in combination with green mass can be used as feed for farm animals.

Lupine is also used in medicine and pharmacology, floriculture, forestry, as a feed for fish breeding. Lupine species do not secrete nectar, but give honeybees pollen. This wonderful plant produces the most valuable oil, which is a natural antioxidant. Lupine is great for treating ulcers and tumors, and it also fights acne on the face. If you make a medicinal dressing from such a plant, it will quickly help with such a disease as inflammation of the sciatic nerve. Treatment of gangrene with lupine decoction prevents rotting.

Flour from this plant will help to get rid of wet sores on the head. If you boil lupine in vinegar and add pepper and honey, then this remedy helps to open clogged passages in the spleen. It should also be noted that for people with diseases of the cardiovascular system, such a useful oil is a kind of medicine. Lupine is rich in protein substances, which this plant can soothe nausea and increase appetite. In medicine, this plant is used to prepare an extract of Cephalosporin, which is used in the preparation Ixime Lupin (Ixime Lupin).

In the cooking of different peoples, lupine is used for making confectionery and bakery products. Lupine flour does not change the taste of finished flour products, does not affect their smell or texture. This flour was used in Ancient Rome more than 3000 years ago. In South America, lupine beans are used to make hot dishes.

Lupine is widely used in cosmetology to create many anti-aging products, to stimulate hair growth. Lupine-based products are used for face washing and as healing nourishing masks. Lupine helps in the fight against acne and is included in many depilatory products, as it makes the hair much thinner and weaker.

Magicians say that all lupins bring happiness. White suits those who strive to reach spiritual heights, yellow attracts wealth, red attracts love, and blue attracts serenity.

1. According to ancient legends, lupine was used to make a special tool for turning into a wolf.
2.Folk legends say that this name was given to him for the ability to survive on any land in any weather conditions. Lupine was first cultivated 4,000 years ago. White lupine, which was used in Ancient Greece, Egypt, and the Roman Empire for food, fodder, medicinal, and fertilizer purposes, was introduced into the culture very first.

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